Andhra Pradesh is endowed with varied Eco-systems, habitats and rich heritage of Biodiversity and is a store house of rich flora and fauna. The state is a proud possessor of some rare and endemic plants like Cycas beddomei, Cycas seshachalamensis, Cycas sphaerica, Pterocarpus santalinus, Terminalia pallida, Syzygium alternifolium, Shorea talura, Shorea tumburgia, Psilotum nudum etc. It has fauna like Tiger, Gaur, Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican, Jerdon’s Courser, Golden Gecko, other avifauna like Flamingo, Pelican etc.
The forest in the state can broadly be divided into three major biotic provinces namely Deccan Plateau, Eastern Highland and East Coastal Plains. The Eastern Ghats divide the dry boulder, Deccan plateau from the fertile coastal Plains. Two major rivers carve spectacular gorges in the Ghats. These features of physiology endow the State with varied, vegetation and interesting natural scenery and consequently, a broad spectrum of fauna. The valley of the Godavari, the Krishna and the Eastern Ghats contain the major forest areas of, and consequently the faunal areas of the State. The State also has the largest coastline bordering the Bay of Bengal, i.e., 974 kms and it has the Second largest Mangrove eco-system in the East coast of India. Besides, A.P. is rich in Agriculture Biodiversity and is home to several varieties of crop plants - Landraces, Food crops, Cultivars, Horticulture crops, Livestock, Fisheries etc.