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Fauna

The varied habitat of Andhra Pradesh harbors a diversity of fauna which includes Tiger, Panther, Wolf, Wild Dog, Hyena, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Black Buck, Chinkara, Chowsingha, Nilgai, Cheetal, Sambar, Elephant, Leopard, Giant Squirrel, Hyena, Fox, Wild Boar, Indian Bison(Gaur), Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Four-horned Antelope, Blue Bull, Mouse Deer, Honey Badger, Civets, Jungle Cats, Otter, Pangolin, Bats, Dolphins, Whales, Tree Shrew, Common Langur, Slender Loris etc., and a number of Birds and Reptiles. Similarly Jerdon’s courser, Golden gecko, Slender Loris which are rare and endangered are endemic to the state. The faunal Biodiversity of A.P. comprise of Mammals-108; Birds-489; Reptiles-103; Amphibians-23; Fresh water fishes-180; Marine and Estuarine fishes-600+; Molluscs-480; Arthropods-1337; Annelids-163, besides 5 native breeds of Livestock are also recorded here. Of these, 41 species (Mammals-10; Aves-17; Reptiles-02; Pisces-12) are recorded as threatened fauna.

The long sea coast provides the nesting ground for sea turtles, the back water of Pulicat lake are the feeding grounds for Flamingo & Grey Pelican, the estuaries of river Godavari and Krishna support rich mangrove forests with Fishing Cat and Otters as key stone species.

 

S.No

Scientific Name

Common Name

Family

IUCN status

MAMMALS

1

Cuon alpinus dukunensis

Indian wild dog

Canidae -

-

2

Felis chaus

Jungle cat, Reed cat

Felidae

Least Concern

3

Peponocephala electra

Melon-headed whale

Delphinidae

Least Concern

4

Hipposideros schistaceus

 

Indian Leaf nosed Bat

Indian round leaf Bat

Hipposideridae

Least Concern

5

Canis lupus pallipes

Indian wolf

Canidae

-

6

Melursus ursinus ursinus

Sloth bear

Ursidae

-

7

Mellivora capensis

Honey badger

Mustelidae

Least Concern

8

Panthera pardus

Leopard

Felidae

Near Threatened

9

Panthera tigris

Tiger

Felidae

Endangered

10

Loris tardigradus

Slender loris

Lorisidae

Endangered

AVES

 

 

1

Pelecanus philippensis

Spot-billed Pelican

Pelecanidae

Near Threatened

2

Leptoptilos javanicus

Lesser Adjutant

Ciconiidae

Vulnerable

3

Aquila clanga

Greater Spotted Eagle

Accipitridae

Vulnerable

4

Rynchops albicollis

Indian Skimmer

Rynchopidae

Vulnerable

5

Pycnonotus xantholaemus

Yellow-throated Bulbul

Pycnonotidae

Vulnerable

6

Anhinga melanogaster

Darter

Anhingidae

Near Threatened

7

Mycteria leucocephala

Painted Stork

Ciconiiformes

Near Threatened

8

Threskiornis melanocephala

Oriental White Ibis

Threskiornithidae

-

9

Aythya nyroca

Ferruginous Pochard

Anatidae

Near Threatened

10

Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus

 

Grey headed fish eagle

Accipitridae

Near Threatened

11

Circus macrourus

Pallid Harrier

Accipitridae

Near Threatened

12

Sterna acuticauda

Black-bellied Tern

Sternidae

Endangered

13

Gyps bengalensis

 

Oreintal White- backed vulture

Accipitridae

Critically

Endangered

14

Gyps indicus

 

Long-billed Vulture

Accipitridae

Critically

Endangered

15

Rhinoptilus bitorquatus

 

Jerdon’s Courser

Glareolidae

 

Critically

Endangered

16

Ardeotis nigriceps

 

Great Indian Bustard

Otididae

Critically

Endangered

17

Sypheotides indica

Lesser Florican

Otididae

Endangered

REPTILES

 

 

 

1

Aspideretes leithi

Leith Soft shell Turtle

Trionychidae

Not assessed

2

Crocodylus palustris

Crocodile

Crocodylidae

Vulnerable

3

Calodactylodes aureus

Golden Gecko

Gekkonidae

Least concern

 

 

 

 

 

PISCES

1

Thynnichthys sandkhol

Sandkhol Carp

Cyprinidae

Endangered

2

Osteobrama neilli

Nilgiri Osteobrama

Cyprinidae

Least Concern

3

Rohtee ogilbii

Vatani rohtee

Cyprinidae

Least Concern

4

Barbodes bovanicus

 

Bovany Bard

Cyprinidae

Critically

Endangered

5

Hypselobarbus dobsoni

Krishna carp

Cyprinidae

Data Deficient

6

Hypselobarbus jerdoni

Jerdon's carp

Cyprinidae

Least Concern

7

Lepidopygopsis typus

 

Periyar trout Peninsular hill trout

Cyprinidae

Endangered

8

Labeo porcellus

Bombay labeo

Cyprinidae

Least concern

9

Labeo potail

Deccan labeo

Cyprinidae

Endangered

10

Labeo pangusia

Pangusia labeo

Cyprinidae

Near Threatened

11

Polydactylus heptadactylus  

-

Polynemidae

-

12

Periophthalmus novemradiatus

Mud skipper

Oxudercidae

-