What is the white revolution? What is the white revolution associated with? Who is the father of India’s white revolution? We present to you today’s report with below correct information about the white revolution in which year – etc.
What is the White Revolution?
In 1970, a program called Operation Flood was taken by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to increase solar production. The method adopted in this program led to an unprecedented improvement in milk production which is known as the ‘White Revolution’ or ‘While Revolution’. The mastermind of this success was Dr. Dargis Kurien who is also known as the ‘Father of the White Revolution’.
Steps were taken to implement the White Revolution:
The program of “Operation Flood” was implemented in three phases –
The first phase (1970-79): In this phase, 18 major milk sheds of the country were connected to 4 major cities (Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata). The main objective of this phase was to increase the milk market and speed up the development of interest-bearing animals in the remote areas of the village. The total cost of implementing this article is estimated at 116 crore rupees.
The second phase (1981-85): In this phase, the number of specials increased from 18 to 136. Milk crisis centers were also opened in 290 more city markets. By the end of 1985, about 42.5 lakh milk producers under the initiative of 43,000 rural cooperatives were covered under the program. As a result, milk powder production increased from 22,000 tonnes to 1.40,000 tonnes in 1999.
Third Phase (1985-95) In this phase the milk cooperatives were able to develop the necessary infrastructure to collect and market milk. Apart from providing education to the members of this cooperative, animal health services, nutrition, and artificial insemination services are provided. Another 30,000 new milk cooperatives were established. During 1988-89 the number of cowsheds increased to 170 tippets. Along with this, the number of female war cooperative societies and female members also increased significantly.
Model Milk Cooperative Samity: Amul was selected as the model milk company in the White Revolution. Gujrat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF) decided on the name Amul. The word ‘Amul’ comes from Sanskrit. From the word ‘Amulya’. The program of NODB was dependent on the activities of this ‘Abul’. The extensive model of Amul has been particularly successful in the country’s White Revolution.
The success of the White Revolution: Milk production in India increased from 20 million metric tons to 104.8 million metric tons in the last few years (FAO, 2012) as a result of the activities of dairy cooperatives. This increased rate of milk production has made India the first milk producing country in the world. Due to the encouragement of these cooperatives, the amount of doh farming in India has increased. At present India’s cattle and buffalo population is around 470 million (2011-12) which is the highest in the world. The effect of this white revolution has spread everywhere in the country. 12,5,000 villages in 180 districts of 22 states are covered by the activities of this cooperative.
This was today’s discussion about White Revolutions. Below are some questions and answers about this.
White Revolution Q&A
1) What is the white revolution?
Answer: In 1970, a program called Operation Flood was taken by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to increase solar production. The method adopted in this program led to an unprecedented improvement in milk production known as the ‘White Revolution’ or ‘While Revolution’.
2) What is the white revolution associated with?
Answer: White Revolution is associated with milk production.
3) Who is the father of India’s white revolution?
Answer: Dr. Dargis Kurien is the father of India’s white revolution.
4) In what year did the white revolution take place?
Answer: The white revolution took place in 1970.